Training imparted in institutions alone is not sufficient for acquisition of skills and needs to be supplemented by training at the workplace. The Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the prime objective to utilize fully the facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view to meeting the requirements of skilled manpower for industry.
Categories of Apprentices
a) Graduate Apprentice
b) Technican Apprentice (Diploma)
c) Technician (Vocational) Apprentice
d) Trade Apprentice
e) Optional Trade Apprentice
Initially, the Act covered the apprenticeship training for the trade Apprentices and subsequently amended in 1973, 1986 and 2014 to bring the Graduates, Technician, Technician (Vocational) and Optional Trade Apprentices respectively under its purview.
Department of Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the Act in respect of Graduate, Technician & Technician (Vocational) Apprentices. This monitoring is done through Boards of Apprenticeship Training under MHRD, Govt. of India
Directorate General of Training under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship monitors the implementation of the Apprentices Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in the Central Government Undertakings & Departments and establishments operating business 4 or more states through 23 Regional Directorates of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (RDSDE) located at almost in all states.
State Apprenticeship Advisers are responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in State Government Undertakings/ Departments and Private Establishments.
a) The Apprentices Act, 1961 makes it obligatory for employers who have a workforce of 30 employees or above and if any employers having four or more workers may engage apprentices other having less than four are not eligible.
b) Each establishment shall engage apprentices in a band of 2.5 per cent. to 15 per cent. of the total strength of the establishment including contractual staff.
c) Every apprentice undergoing apprenticeship training in an establishment shall be a trainee and not a worker.
d) The provisions of any law with respect to labour shall not apply to or in relation to such an apprentice.
e) An establishment can engage apprentices of age eighteen and above in normal working hours of the establishment.
f) For undergoing Apprenticeship training, Apprentice has to enter into a Contract of Apprenticeship with the employer.
g) Contract has to be agreed and signed by Employer, Candidate, and Central Apprenticeship Advisor.
h) Every apprentice undergoing apprenticeship training in an establishment shall be a trainee and not a worker.
i) The contract of apprenticeship shall terminate on the expiry of the period of apprenticeship training.
a) Candidates who have passed out of ITI.
b) Apprentices who have passed out of any NSQF aligned Short term training Course including courses under the PMKVY/DDUGKY/MES
c) Fresher trade apprentices class 8th , 10th and 12th pass outs
e) Fresher apprentices from amongst those who are class V pass & above who are not covered under any of the afore-mentioned categories but meet the qualifications as specified in the course curriculum
a) Duration of training varies from Eighteen months to two years.
b) All the Trades under this category have two components.
c) Duration of training based on qualification
|CANDIDATE||One Year Course||Two Year Course|
|Fresher Viz.10th Pass||Basic Training â€“ 03 months, OJT â€“ 12 months||Basic Training â€“ 06 months in 03 months each in a year, OJT â€“ 18 months|
|ITI Completed||No Basic Training, OJT â€“ 12 months||Rebate for one Year, Only undergo OJT for 12 Months|